Gandhara is the name of an ancient kingdom (Mahajanapada), located in modern day northern Pakistan and parts of eastern Afghanistan. Gandhara was located mainly in the vale of Peshawar, the Potohar plateau and on the Kabul River. Its main cities were Purushapura (modern Peshawar), literally meaning “City of Man”, Varmayana (modern Bamyan) and Takshashila (modernTaxila). The Kingdom of Gandhara lasted from the early 1st millennium BC to the 11th century AD. It attained its height from the 1st century to the 5th century under the Buddhist Kushan Kings. The Hindu term Shahi is used by history writer Al-Biruni to refer to the ruling Hindu dynasty that took over from the Turki Shahiand ruled the region during the period prior to Muslim conquests of the 10th and 11th centuries. After it was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1021 CE, the name Gandhara disappeared. During the Muslim period the area was administered from Lahore or from Kabul.
During Mughal times the area was part of Kabul province. The Gandhāri people were settled since the Vedic times on the banks of Kabul River (river Kubha or Kabol) down to its confluence with the Indus. Later Gandhara included parts of northwest Punjab. Gandhara was located on the northern trunk road (Uttarapatha) and was a centre of international commercial activities. It was an important channel of communication with ancient Iran, India and Central Asia. he boundaries of Gandhara varied throughout history. Sometimes the Peshawar valley and Taxila were collectively referred to as Gandhara and sometimes the Swat valley was also included. The heart of Gandhara, however, was always the Peshawar valley. The kingdom was ruled from capitals at Pushkalavati (Charsadda), Taxila, Purushapura (Peshawar) and in its final days from Udabhandapura (Hund) on the Indus. According to the Puranas, they were named after Taksha and Pushkara, the two sons of Bharata, a prince of Ayodhya.
Upon arrival at Lahore airport. Meet, assist and transfer to the hotel.
Overnight stay in Lahore.
Breakfast at the hotel. In morning, sightseeing tour of Lahore.
In afternoon, drive to Rawalpindi and short city of old Raja Bazar.
Then transfer to the hotel for overnight stay.
After breakfast proceed for city tour of Islamabad. Drive to Swat en-route visiting
Taxila sights and museum. Arrive and transfer to the hotel. Overnight stay in
Breakfast at the hotel. Proceed for full day sightseeing of Swat Valley.
Overnight stay at the hotel.
After breakfast drive to Peshawar en-route visiting Takht-E-Bhai.
Continue drive to Peshawar. Arrive and transfer to the hotel.
Overnight in Peshawar.
Breakfast at the hotel. In morning proceed for Khyber Pass excursion.
In afternoon, sightseeing tour of Peshawar. Overnight at the hotel.
After breakfast drive to Lahore en-route visiting Jalalpur.
Arrive and transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Lahore.
Breakfast at the hotel. Morning city tour of Lahore.
After sightseeing transfer to Lahore airport for your home bound flight.
(Note: This tours starts & ends in Lahore).
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