The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE, pre-Harappan cultures starting c.7500 BCE extending from what today is primarily Pakistan, but also some regions in northwest India and northeast Afghanistan. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World, and the most widespread among them, covering an area of 1.25 million km. It flourished in the basins of the Indus River, one of the major rivers of Asia, and the now dried up Sarasvati River which once coursed through northwest India and eastern Pakistan together with its tributaries flowed along a channel, presently identified as that of the Ghaggar-Hakra River on the basis of various scientific studies. Indus Valley Civilization along with Mesopotamia and Egypt is regarded as cradle of civilization.
At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large non-residential buildings.
The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization, after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India, and is now in Pakistan. The discovery of Harappa, and soon afterwards, Mohenjo-Daro, was the culmination of work beginning in 1861 with the founding of the Archaeological Survey of India in the British Raj. Excavation of Harappan sites has been ongoing since 1920, with important breakthroughs occurring as recently as 1999.There were earlier and later cultures, often called Early Harappan and Late Harappan, and pre-Harappan cultures, in the same area of the Harappan Civilization. The Harappan civilization is sometimes called the Mature Harappan culture to distinguish it from these cultures. Bhirrana may be the oldest pre-Harappan site, dating back to 7570-6200 BCE.
From the Arabian’s Sea to the mighty Karakorum
Location: South to North Pakistan
Season: May to September
Arrive in Karachi. Overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Hyderabad. Overnight stay at hotel.
Full day city excursion of Hyderabad. Overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Sukkur and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Mohenjo-Daro via Daru. Overnight stay at hotel.
In morning, drive to Bahawalpur. Overnight stay at hotel.
Full day excursion to Cholistan dessert and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Multan. Overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Lahore and overnight stay at hotel.
In morning sightseeing of Lahore City and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Rawalpindi en route visiting Rohtas Fort. Overnight stay at hotel.
In morning, drive to Besham via Taxila and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Gilgit on KKH and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Karimabad-Hunza and overnight stay at hotel.
Full day sightseeing of Hunza and overnight stay at hotel.
In morning, drives to Khunjerab pass for excursion and overnight stay at Gulmit.
Drive to Chilas and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Swat and overnight stay at hotel.
Drive to Islamabad and overnight stay at hotel.
Transfer to airport for homebound flight.
This itinerary can also be tailored of your choice.
Suite # 3-B, Mezzanine Floor, 79-West, Mehmood Plaza, Fazlul Haq Road, Blue Area, Islamabad.
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